Understanding the Most Common Dental Problems

As you probably know it is important to take care of your oral hygiene in order to avoid some of the more common dental problems such as tooth decay, gum disease and so on. But how much do you really understand about those problems?

If you’d like to understand what the most common dental problems are all about, here’s what you need to know:

  • Tooth decay

Also known as cavities, tooth decay is caused by plaque that reacts with sugars to form acid. That acid will then start to erode the enamel that protects your teeth, causing them to become vulnerable. The best way to deal with tooth decay is to avoid it, by brushing regularly to ensure plaque doesn’t build up.

  • Bad breath

Normally bad breath (also known as halitosis) is caused by an underlying dental condition such as tooth decay, gum disease, dry mouth, excessive bacteria, and so on. Although it can be masked by mouthwash or breath mints, the problem will remain and to deal with it you need to visit a dentist to identify the root cause.

  • Gum disease

Essentially gum disease is an infection of the gums surrounding the teeth that can cause them to bleed, swell, and feel tender. Initially it will take the form of gingivitis, but if left untreated can become more severe in the form of periodontitis. Good oral hygiene can help prevent gum disease, but if it is already present then a dental checkup will be required.

  • Tooth infection

Once a cavity progresses past the enamel and to the root canal of a tooth it can cause a tooth infection. Sometimes that may result in the tooth needing to be extract, but more often than not the dentist can clean out and fill in the root in a root canal procedure.

  • Enamel erosion

If your teeth are exposed to acid in the long term, the enamel can gradually erode causing the teeth to look yellow and making them rounded. One of the main causes of enamel erosion is soda or citrus drinks, though it can also be caused by wine, coffee, and other acidic beverages. The best way to avoid this problem is to change your habits, but if not the teeth can be restored using bonding materials.

  • Dry mouth

Unfortunately it is difficult to pin down the cause of dry mouth, which will result in less saliva being produced in your mouth. It could potentially be caused by some medications, dehydration, or hormonal and metabolic changes. It is best to consult a dentist or doctor to investigate the potential causes of this condition.

Knowing more about these common dental problems can help you to avoid them, but in many cases you’ll need to seek help from a Harley Street dentist if you already suffer from them. Keep in mind that it is always best to get treatment for any dental problems early, as they can progress and quickly start to get much worse if left unchecked.