For the uninitiated, colorectal cancer is the cancer of the colon and rectum, mostly caused by polyps in the granular tissue of the colorectal tube. While the exact cause has not been established as yet, there are a few risk factors may lead to colorectal cancer.
In this post, let’s talk about some of them.
- Heredity, Like most other cancers, colorectal cancer is also linked to the genes. Some of the inherited conditions, for example, Turcot’s syndrome and MYH-associated polyposis can lead to the development of polyps in the colon and rectum, and if untreated, these polyps can increase the risk of colorectal cancer.
- Other conditions. Patients who suffer from colon polyps, colon inflammatory disease and other cancers like breast and ovarian cancers are more susceptible to colorectal cancer. Patients with a history of colon polyps should be very careful and must consult digestive and liver disease consultants to get screened.
- Diet, Diet is one of the many lifestyle factors, which may lead or increase the risk of colorectal cancer, although studies have not revealed the direct link between diet and colorectal cancer yet. It is believed that people who eat more veggies and fruits may have a lesser risk of colorectal cancer. Consumption of red meat has been mentioned as one of the many risk factors in certain studies because red meat is high in protein and saturated fats. The list includes meats like beef, pork, and processed meats. Some researchers also believe that cooking fats and red meat at high temperature might lead to the production of certain substances, which are carcinogenic and can eventually be associated with colorectal cancer. Please note there is no conclusive evidence that links diet with colorectal cancer at the moment.
- Lifestyle factors. Lack of physical activity, obesity, smoking and consumption of alcohol has been linked to colon cancer in some studies. It is also believed that exposure to some chemicals may increase the risk of this cancer, especially chlorine which is often used for cleaning water. Any form of exposure to materials like asbestos can also cause polyps in the concerned part of the large intestine, which can lead to colorectal cancer.
- History. Patients who have suffered from colorectal cancer in the past are at a higher risk of developing the condition again. Exposure to radiation may also the risk.
Check online now to know more and seek help if you have any of the signs.